Our eye health and sight are such an important part of our overall health and wellbeing. Making sure that we take the right steps to protect and look after our eyes is so significant to keeping a good quality of life.
We’ve created a series of blogs to give you lots of useful information and helpful tips for maintaining your eye health. This first blog talks through common eye conditions that many of us experience, along with our top tips for keeping your eyes healthy.
Common Eye Conditions Explained
Long and Short Sightedness
These are common conditions that are often corrected when wearing either prescription glasses or contact lenses.
If you are short sighted, you’ll have trouble seeing objects at a distance. Short sightedness or Myopia, occurs when the eye is longer than average. This causes the light to focus in the front of the retina which makes objects appear blurry in the distance.
If you are long sighted, you may find it harder to focus on things closer to you but can clearly see objects in the distance. This occurs when the eye is shorter than average. It causes the light to focus behind the retina instead of on it, which causes the blurry vision.
Dry Eye Syndrome
Dry eye syndrome is a common condition that can occur when the eyes don’t produce enough tears, or the tears evaporate too quickly. This leads to the eyes drying out, making them swollen and irritated. Common causes of dry eye syndrome include hot, windy climates, wearing contact lenses or medical conditions such as blepharitis. This can be treated with the use of eye drops, which we stock in the practice.
If your eyes are dry, but also red and sore, you may have blepharitis. This causes your eyelids to become inflamed and uncomfortable. It is a common condition and is usually long term, which means you will require ongoing treatment. At Richard Petrie Optometrists, we offer a BlephEx treatment which is specifically for dry eyes and blepharitis.
This is an eye condition when the optic nerve at the back of your eye becomes damaged due to raised pressure in the anterior part of your eye. If it is left untreated then it can cause you to permanently lose part of your peripheral (side) vision.
The different types of Glaucoma include, Chronic, which happens over time and Acute which can happen quickly.
Cataracts usually occur when the lens in your eye gradually becomes cloudy. Cataracts are more common in older age. If your vision becomes blurred due to the cataracts, your optometrist can arrange a referral for possible treatment.
We can give you lots of advice and information on all the common eye conditions you may have heard of at our practice in Littleover. You’ll also find useful leaflets from the Association of Optometrists to read.
Our Top Tips for Eye Health
There are lots of steps that you can take to keep your eye health the best that it can be, here are our simple tips that you can follow to make sure that you continue seeing your best:
✓ Have regular eye tests – this is essential for maintaining healthy eyes, they can help to detect other underlying health issues early too.
✓ Eat well – a balanced and healthy diet will help to reduce the risk of eye diseases.
✓ Don’t smoke – smoking increases the risk of eye diseases developing.
✓ Wear your prescription glasses – they help to make your eyes work more efficiently.
✓ Take a break from the screen – whether it’s a smartphone, computer, TV or tablet, taking regular breaks gives your eye muscles a rest.
✓ Protect your eyes from the sun – make sure you never look at the sun directly, and wear sunglasses to protect from UV rays.
✓ Be aware of your family’s health history – some eye conditions may run in families, which may increase your risk.
Keeping Up with Regular Eye Examinations
It is recommended that you should have an eye examination every two years. This allows your optometrist to check for any changes in your vision and your general eye health.
Our private eye examination includes 3D photos and scans of the layers in the back of your eye, taken by our OCT scanner, a visual fields tests, pressure checks for glaucoma and a full prescription check.
Our appointment walkthrough contains lots more information on the different stages of your eye exam.